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HP Systems Insight Manager  |  Glossary

HP Systems Insight Manager
Glossary

» HP Systems Insight Manager

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»Product Overview
»Getting Started
»Monitoring Systems, Events, and Clusters
»Using Tasks
»Using Default Tools
»Reporting
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agent

A program that regularly gathers information or performs some other service without the user's immediate presence. HP Systems Insight Manager agents provide in-depth hardware and software information and subsystem status to HP Systems Insight Manager and numerous third-party management applications.

See Also management agent

aggregate CPU data

This aggregate data display shows utilization data for all CPUs in a cluster. The display aggregates data for all nodes of the cluster onto one page, allowing you to see a cluster-level summary of data even though CPUs are monitored by a node-level Cluster Monitor Resource.

aggregate data links

A link in the Aggregate Data area to see data for all objects in the cluster on a single page.

aggregate Disk data

This aggregate display shows utilization data for all Disks in a cluster. The display aggregates data for all nodes of the cluster onto one page, allowing you to see a cluster-level summary of data even though Disks are monitored by a node-level Cluster Monitor Resource.

alarm

A user-configurable notification displayed in the banner of HP Systems Insight Manager when certain events happen. For instance, if a monitored item changes, an alarm notifies the user that a change has occurred.

See Also trap

See Also event

all events

Systems where any event types have occurred.

All Tools toolbox

A default toolbox that provides complete access to all tools for the authorized system or system group.

attribute

A single characteristic of a manageable product or component, as in an attribute of a Management Information Format (MIF) file. A set of related attributes constitutes a group. For example, the clock speed of a processor chip is an attribute of a group that describes that chip.

See Also Management Information Format

authorizations

A mapping of a relationship between a user, a toolbox, and a system or system group.

automatic discovery

The process that HP Systems Insight Manager uses to find and identify the systems on your network and populate the database with that information. A system must first be discovered to collect data and track system status.

banner

The section of the graphical user interface (GUI) at the top of the screen that shows status information and provides access to HP Systems Insight Manager Home page and logout functions.

blade server

A server that is located in a rack or enclosure.

See Also enclosure

See Also racks

blade server visual locator

A feature designed to provide visual representation of ProLiant BL e-Class and p-Class servers within their respective enclosures and racks.

See Also enclosure

See Also racks

categories

The method for grouping system or event searches.

caution

A note to indicate that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or loss of information.

central management server (CMS)

A system in the management domain that executes the HP Systems Insight Manager software. All central operations within HP Systems Insight Manager are initiated from this system.

central processing unit polling rate

The rate for how often the Cluster Monitor CPU Resource checks CPU utilization as reported by HP Insight Management Agents on monitored nodes.

certificate

An electronic document that contains a subject's public key and identifying information about the subject. The certificate is signed by a Certification Authority (CA) to bind the key and subject identification together.

See Also certificate authority

certificate authority (CA)

A trusted third-party organization or company that issues digital certificates used to create digital signatures and public-private key pairs. The role of the CA in this process is to guarantee that the individual who has been granted the unique certificate is the individual they claim to be.

cleared status

Systems with cleared status.

clearing events

Changing the event status from uncleared to cleared.

clients

HP desktop, portable, and workstation systems.

cluster

A cluster is a parallel or distributed computing system made up of many discrete systems that form a single, unified computing resource. Clusters vary in their features, complexity, and the purposes for which they are best suited.

cluster information area

A display area that shows the control data for a specific cluster. Control data is location, IP address, operator name, phone, e-mail, and pager.

cluster information fields

Information fields referencing the cluster.

cluster IP address

The IP address of the cluster.

cluster monitor

A core component of HP Systems Insight Manager. Cluster Monitor adds the ability to monitor and manage multi-node clusters. Cluster Monitor also manages multiple cluster platforms in a heterogeneous environment.

cluster monitor resource

A program that provides a monitoring or management function for clustered nodes in a cluster.

cluster settings page

The page used to enter problem reporting and administrative information for the clusters you manage. This information is displayed in:

  • The Cluster Monitor Data Viewer when you select the cluster from the hierarchy tree

  • Notices generated about the cluster

cluster system identification

Information about cluster systems. This information is stored in the database.

cluster tree view

Also known as tree topology. A window that is displayed at the top left of the Cluster Monitor page. This page displays a tree list of all clustered or managed nodes that the administrator is responsible for. Each tree item is color coded to reflect status.

command line interface (CLI)

The set of commands that can be executed directly from the command shell of the operating system command shell.

common information model (CIM)

An object-oriented schema defined by the Desktop Management Task Force (DMTF). CIM is an information model guide that describes and shares management information enterprise-wide. CIM is designed for extending each management environment in which it is used.

communications protocol
See management protocol

configuration history report

The Survey Utility that contains reports that show configuration details for server and compares configuration history files for differences.

control tasks

Sequences of instructions that are associated with a search and/or event, such as Delete Events, Remove Disk Thresholds, Set Disk Threshold, and Set Device Access community strings.

critical status

A state generated when HP Systems Insight Manager can no longer communicate to a managed system.

custom commands

Task to launch an application on the server that is running HP Systems Insight Manager.

data collection reports

HP Systems Insight Manager supports Overwrite existing data set (for detailed analysis) formerly known as Single Instance Data Collection task in Insight Manager 7 and Append new data set (for historical trend analysis) formerly known as Historical Data Collection task Insight Manager 7. With Overwrite existing data set (for detailed analysis), data is collected from a system at a single instance. With Append new data set (for historical trend analysis), data detailing the system history is collected.

data collection tasks

Involves gathering information from a group of managed systems and storing that information in the database. HP Systems Insight Manager uses Hardware Status Polling and Data Collection Tasks to implement collection.

Desktop Management Interface (DMI)

An industry standard protocol, primarily used in client management, established by the DMTF. DMI provides an efficient means of reporting client system problems. DMI-compliant computers can send status information to a central management system over a network.

Desktop Management Taskforce (DMTF)

An industry standard body that defines DMI and WBEM standards for the industry. HP is an active sponsor and participant in the DMTF body.

digital signatures

A technology used to validate the sender of a transaction. This technology uses private keys to digitally sign the data, and public keys to verify the sender.

discovery

A feature within a management application that finds and identifies network objects. In HP management applications, discovery finds and identifies all the HP systems within a specified network range.

discovery filters

Enables users with full configuration rights to prevent, or allow, certain system types from ever being added to the database.

Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM)

An extension of the Component Object Model (COM) that allows COM components to communicate between clients and servers on the same network.

distributed task facility (DTF)

A management application that manages the remote execution of tasks on managed systems.

DMI
See Desktop Management Interface

Domain Name Service (DNS)

A service that translates domain names into IP addresses.

edit list

The modifying of existing lists to add or remove search criteria.

e-mail notification

One of the notification tasks in HP Systems Insight Manager. Use this type of task to send notifications through e-mail. If two users are adding, editing, or deleting a task simultaneously, the task reflects the changes from the last user who saves the task.

enclosure

A physical container for a set of blades servers. It consists of a back-plane that routes power and communication signals and additional hardware for cabling and thermal issues. It also hosts the CPU or server power supplies.

event

Information sent to certain users that something in the managed environment has changed. Events are generated from SNMP Traps and are pre-configured in this release. HP Systems Insight Manager receives a trap when an important event occurs. Events are defined as:

  • Informational. Events of this type require no attention, and are provided as useful information.

  • Normal. Events of this type indicate that this event is not a problem.

  • Minor. Events of this type indicate a warning condition that can escalate into a more serious problem.

  • Major. Events of this type indicate an impending failure.

  • Critical. Events of this type indicate a failure and signal the need for immediate attention.

event overview

A chart that summarizes the uncleared events by product type.

external sites

Third-party application URLs

full configuration rights user

A user who is automatically authorized for the All Tools toolbox on all systems including the CMS. This type of user has been given special privileges to administer the HP Systems Insight Manager software.

graphical user interface (GUI)

A program interface that takes advantage of the graphics capabilities of the computer to make the program easier to use. The HP Systems Insight Manager GUI is Web-enabled and displays in a Web browser.

group
See node group

hosts files

Includes all critical system information from the HP Systems Insight Manager database, such as IP addresses.

HP Systems Insight Manager database (database)

The database that stores vital information about the managed cluster including: users, nodes, node groups, roles, tools, and authorizations.

HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web.

identification

An aspect of the discovery process that identifies the management protocol and type of system.

IP range

Systems with an IP address that falls in the specified range.

Java database connectivity (JDBC)

Similar to ODBC, this set of APIs provides a standard mechanism to allow Java applets access to a database.

Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI)

A set of protocols that enable Java objects to communicate remotely with other Java objects.

key

A value used either alone or with an encryption decoder (corresponding Public or Private Key) for cryptography. In traditional Private Key cryptography, the communicators share a key or cipher so that each can encrypt and decrypt messages. The risk in this system is that if any party loses the key, the system is broken. In Public Key cryptography, the Private Key is associated with a Public Key, so each person in the system has a personal Private Key that is never shared.

keystore

A database that maintains a list of keys. The keystore can contain a subject's own Private Key. A keystore can also contain a list of Public Keys, as published in certificates.

See Also key

limited configuration rights user

A user who has limited capability to configure the CMS. Limited configuration rights users have permission to create, modify, and delete all reports and their own tools.

major status

Aggregate status information collected from the system indicates that one or more of the monitored subsystems are not operating properly and that this is impacting the system. Action should be taken immediately.

managed node

Also known as a cluster node. A configured cluster system where the HP Systems Insight Manager Cluster Monitor is monitoring activities.

managed systems

Any system managed by HP Systems Insight Manager, such as servers, desktops, and RIB.

management agent

A daemon or process running on a managed system. It receives and executes requests from the CMS on the managed system.

management domain

A collection of resources called managed systems that have been placed under the control of the HP Systems Insight Manager. Each central management server is responsible for a management domain. The managed systems can belong to more than one management domain.

Management Information Base (MIB)

The data specification for passing information using the SNMP protocol. A MIB is also a database of managed objects accessed by network management protocols.

Management Information Format (MIF)

An ASCII text file in the DMI architecture that describes the manageable features and attributes of a product. The DMI maintains this information in a MIF database and makes it available to operating systems and management applications. The DMTF has specified MIF formats for a variety of system types and peripheral systems.

management instrumentation

Agents running on systems that provide management information for HTTP, DMI, or SNMP protocols.

management LAN

A LAN dedicated to the communications necessary for managing systems. It is typically a moderate bandwidth (10/100 baseT) and secured through limited access.

management protocol

A set of protocols such as WBEM, HTTP, SNMP or DMI to establish communication with discovered systems.

management scope

A set of systems within the set of all discovered systems that HP Systems Insight Manager manages.

management services

The provider of a core set of capabilities such as auto-discovery, data collection, a central repository for system and event information, event management, basic notification, and secure access. These functions are used by add-ins from HP, a Management Solutions Partner, and/or HP Systems Insight Manager end-users.

management tasks

Procedures you set up to search systems or events.

manual discovery techniques

Process that enables you to bypass a full discovery for the following tasks:

  • Adding a single system

  • Editing the system

  • Creating or importing an HP Systems Insight Manager database hosts file

  • Creating or importing generic Hosts files

Microsoft Clustering Service status page

A page that summarizes cluster status as defined by Microsoft Cluster Server and lists the status and values of MSCS-defined cluster attributes. The Cluster Monitor uses color to display status based on MSCS condition values (Normal, Degraded, Failed, and Other).

minor status

Aggregate status information collected from the system indicates that one or more of the monitored subsystems are not operating properly which is impacting the system. Action should be taken as soon as possible to prevent further failure.

Monitor Tools toolbox

A default toolbox that contains tools that display the state of managed systems, but not tools that change the state of managed systems.

multiple-system aware (MSA)

A run type that supports multi-system operations. Tools with this run type operate on the target nodes using their own internal mechanisms instead of using the distributed task facility. The MSA run type uses the distributed task facility to launch the tool on a single node before the tool interacting with the other managed nodes.

no configuration rights user

A user who cannot configure the CMS. No configuration rights users ability to manage systems are based on their authorizations.

node

Any system on the network that can communicate with HP Systems Insight Manager including servers, printers, workstations, hubs, and routers. Nodes must be added to an HP Systems Insight Manager management domain, and they can be assigned to one or more node groups by a trusted user.

node group

A group of nodes defined by a trusted user to divide a network into manageable units. Nodes in a node group usually have something in common like operating system type, backup schedule, application type, or hardware type.

ProLiant Essentials License Key

A license is the contractual permissions granted by HP to the customer that is embodied by a license agreement. A license is a legal contract. A license key is the coded embodiment of a license that represents a specific instance of a license. A single license may be represented by a single key or by a collection of keys.

racks

A set of components cabled together to communicate between themselves. A rack is a container for an enclosure.

remote wakeup

Sometimes referred to as Wake-On-LAN (WOL). The remote powering up of a system through its resident WOL network card, provided that the system has been ENABLED to be so awakened using the ROM or F10 Setup.

This is a capability on which HP Systems Insight Manager relies to turn on the systems for scheduled Software Updates or Replicate Agent Settings.

remove all Disk thresholds

A task provided by HP Systems Insight Manager. To remove Disk thresholds for systems in an associated list. This task only removes Disk thresholds that were set by HP Systems Insight Manager or by browsing directly to the Web agent. Any thresholds set by HP Systems Insight Manager for Windows 32, including Disk thresholds, are not removed by this task.

Replicate Agent Settings

A tool that can be used to copy Web-based agent settings to a group of systems.

role

A definition of responsibilities related to an operation or process. Each HP Systems Insight Manager role is associated with a set of tools.

rule set

Conditions, policies, or criteria applied to system information to determine what it is.

search criteria

A set of variables (information) used to define a requested subset of information from the set of all information. The information set that can be filtered includes action information, some of the system information, and so on. A filter is composed of an inclusion filter followed by an exclusion filter. The result of these two filtering operations is called a group. An example of a filter is an SQL statement that creates viewable information or causes management operations to be performed.

Secure HTTP (HTTPS)

An extension to the HTTP protocol that supports sending data securely over the Web.

Secure Shell (SSH)

A program to log into another system over a network and execute commands on that system. It also enables you to move files from one system to another, and it provides authentication and secure communications over insecure channels.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

A standard protocol layer that lies between HTTP and TCP and provides privacy and message integrity between a client and server. A common usage of SSL is to provide authentication of the server, so clients can be assured they are communicating with the server it claims to be. It is application protocol independent.

Secure Task Execution (STE)

Secure execution of a task from a managed system. This feature of HP Systems Insight Manager ensures that the user requesting the task has the appropriate rights to perform the task, and encrypts the request to protect data from snooping.

security roles

A feature that enables administrators to restrict system access and manage access on a per-user or per-group basis. This capability enables systems administrators to delegate tasks to junior staff without providing access to advanced or dangerous features. It also enables systems administrators to delegate management of systems to specific organizations or customers without providing access to systems owned by other organizations or customers.

self-signed certificate

A certificate that is its own Certificate Authority (CA), such that the subject and the CA are the same.

See Also certificate

See Also certificate authority

set Disk thresholds

A task provided by HP Systems Insight Manager to set a Disk threshold for systems in an associated list. This threshold is set on all Disk volumes on the target system.

short message service (SMS)

SMS is a convenient way to send brief text messages directory to a wireless phone. There is a maximum message length of 140 characters.

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

One of the management protocols supported by HP Systems Insight Manager. Traditional management protocol used extensively by networking systems and most servers. MIB-2 is the standard information available consistently across all vendors.

single login

Permission granted to an authenticated user browsing to HP Systems Insight Manager to browse to any of the managed systems from within HP Systems Insight Manager without re-authenticating to the managed system. HP Systems Insight Manager is the initial point of authentication and browsing to another managed system must be from within HP Systems Insight Manager.

single-system aware (SSA)

A run type that does not support multi-node operations. Tools with this run type are only aware of the node on which they are running .

SNMP communication setting

Default SNMP community string used when communicating with systems supporting SNMP communications.

SNMP trap

Asynchronous event generated by SNMP agent at the system used to communicate a fault.

software update

A task to remotely update software and firmware.

spoofing

A website posing as another site to gather confidential or sensitive information, alter data transactions, or present false or misleading data.

standard error (stderr)

The default place where the system writes error messages. The default is the terminal display.

standard output (stdout)

The default place to which a program writes its output. The default is the terminal display.

status message list

Cluster Management Resources add entries found in the bottom-left area of the Cluster Monitor page to bring your attention to cluster attributes that are in an abnormal state.

status messages

Listed in order of descending priority (Critical, Major, Minor, Normal, Unknown) and decreasing age (oldest, longest outstanding status messages first; most recent status messages last). So, the oldest critical message appears first followed by more recent critical messages, then the oldest warning message followed by more recent warnings, then the oldest unknown status message followed by more recent unknown status messages.

Each status message is a link to a display of relevant information. Click a message to display this information in the Data Viewer area.

status message summary header

The list header summary of the total number of status messages in the list and, in parentheses, the number of status messages that have not been examined.

status type

Systems of specified status type (Critical, Major, Minor, Normal, and Unknown).

survey utility

An agent (or online service tool) that gathers and delivers hardware and operating system configuration information. This information is gathered while the server is online.

symmetric key

This is a common key that both the server and receiver of a message share and use to encrypt and decrypt a message.

system

Nodes on the network that communicate through TCP/IP or IPX. To manage a system, some type of management protocol (for example, SNMP, DMI, or WBEM) must be present on the system. Examples of systems include servers, workstations, desktops, portables, routers, switches, hubs, and gateways.

system default searches

Requests for data about aggregate system status, proactive subsystem status, and detailed component information on servers, workstations, desktops, and portables, irrespective of management protocol.

system identification

Identifying information about systems. This information is stored in the database. The following information is identified:

  • Type of management protocol on the system (SNMP, DMI, WBEM, HTTP, and SSH)

  • Type of HP system (server, client, switch, router, and so on)

  • Network name of system

system information

Information that is provided on the System Page under the Identity tab. The system information includes:

  • Network address

  • Network name

  • Description

  • Contact

  • Location

  • System links

system information using DMI

Agents that conform to the DMI V2 standard and have passed testing. The list of compliant DMI V2 agents can be found on http://www.dmtf.org.

system information using SNMP

Agents that conform to SNMP MIB-2 standards.

system links

A summary information page for a specific system that has a management agent.

system overview report

A report indicating the state of systems that is available at the time that HP Systems Insight Manager is first opened. A system search result contains the number of systems that are registered with the HP Systems Insight Manager databases. Systems are grouped by their status condition. Each underlined number in a column is a hyperlink to a more detailed list of systems, which displays the systems that correspond to the number in the overview.

system search

Logical grouping of systems into a collection based on information in the HP Systems Insight Manager database. After a search is defined, you can display the results from the system view page or associate it with a management task.

system search results

The result of a search.

system status

The operating state of SNMP-based devices. A system status is determined by polling SNMP information from the system. This is the same as hardware status. Status is defined as:

  • Critical. HP Systems Insight Manager can no longer communicate with the system. The system was previously discovered, but cannot be pinged. The system may be down, powered off, or no longer accessible on the network due to network problems.

  • Major. A problem exists.

  • Minor. Functioning but with errors.

  • Normal. Functioning correctly.

  • Unknown. HP Systems Insight Manager is not able to obtain management information about the system.

system type

One of 12 supplied types. You can add your own based on one of these types. Use Server type to create MyServer type. It is still a server and is reported on in the same way, but it has your designation.

System Type Manager (STM)

A utility that enables you to modify the default behavior of discovery and identification so objects classified as Unknown or as another category of systems are discovered and identified precisely as you require. HP Systems Insight Manager discovers and identifies the system and applies the new information when an Unknown system matches a rule set that you specify as the primary rule set. Furthermore, creating the new system type provides a System Link page for viewing the information returned from the system agent or from the communication protocol of SNMP or DMI.

task

An executed instance of an HP Systems Insight Manager tool, on one or more systems or systems groups, with a specific set of arguments.

task scheduling

A master scheduling tool for the scheduling of Polling, Control, and Notification Tasks.

threshold

A present limit that produces an event when the limit is reached or exceeded.

Timed Event

An action that schedules necessary events. Examples of events include backups, Disk storage cleanup, and so on. The user defines the tools in this category.

Tomcat

An open source implementation of Java Servlet and JavaServer Pages technologies that is used by HP Systems Insight Manager as a Web server.

tool

An application, command, or script that can be executed by HP Systems Insight Manager on one or more systems to perform a task.

toolbox

A defined set of tools that a user might need for a particular task, such as database administration or software management.

tool category

An organizational structure for grouping tools. A tool must belong to one and only one category. Tool categories can only contain tools. They cannot contain other tool categories.

trap

An unsolicited message generated by a management agent that indicates that an event has occurred. For example, a monitored item has exceeded a set threshold or changed status. Previously called alarm.

See Also event

trap categories

Event list systems found by event type. SNMP traps categorized by HP Systems Insight Manager into logical groups according to their functions.

trap forwarding address

The IP address of a system that has been specified to receive trap notifications forwarded by the HP Systems Insight Manager systems.

type

Systems identified with the standard system types. The system types are client, cluster, portable, printer, remote access device, repeater, router, server, switch, unknown, workstation, and other.

uncleared event status

Events that have a Critical, Major, Minor, Normal, or Informational severity.

  • Critical. Indicate a failure and signal the need for immediate attention.

  • Major. Indicate an impending failure.

  • Minor. Indicate a warning condition that can escalate into a more serious problem.

  • Normal. These events are not a problem.

  • Informational. Require no attention. They are provided as useful information

unknown status

HP Systems Insight Manager is not able to obtain management information about the system using SNMP or DMI. Although no management instrumentation information is available, the system can be pinged. It may have an invalid community string or security setting.

user

A network user with a valid login on the CMS that has been added to HP Systems Insight Manager.

user accounts

Accounts used to login to HP Systems Insight Manager. These accounts associate a local Windows user account or a domain account with privilege levels and paging attributes inside HP Systems Insight Manager.

user configuration page

A page in HP Systems Insight Manager that provides the ability to create and define users that have access to the management application and associate rights.

version control

A feature that verifies the versions of HP operating system drivers, HP Systems Insight Manager Agents, HP utilities, and firmware on the user's system. It compares them with the Version Control Database (VCDB) of current software and firmware versions. Version Control then indicates that the software is current or that an upgrade is available, and provides reasons for upgrading.

Version information appears as a system link for a system.

Version Control Agent (VCA)

An agent that is installed on a server to allow the customer to see the HP software installed on that server. The Version Control Agent can be configured to point to a Version Control Repository Manager agent, allowing easy version comparison and software update from the repository.

Version Control Repository Manager (VCRM)

An HP agent that enables a customer to manage HP provided software stored in a user-defined repository.

WBEM Services

HP WBEM Services for HP-UX is an HP product that uses WBEM and DMTF standards to manage HP-UX system resources.

Web-Based Enterprise Management (WBEM)

An initiative based on a set of management and Internet standard technologies developed to unify the management of enterprise computing environments.

Web-launch aware (WLA)

A run type for tools that are launched in a Web browser using a Web server. WLA tools can be designed to deal with multiple systems.

Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)

An API in the Windows operating system that enables systems in a network, typically enterprise networks, to be managed and controlled.

workspace

The section of the GUI where tools are displayed.

X client

An application or tool that appears on an X server. X clients can also be called X applications.

XML document

A collection of data represented in XML.

X server

A local application that accepts X client requests and acts on them.

X Window System

A cross-platform windowing system that uses the client/server model to distribute services across a network. It enables applications or tools to run on a remote computer.