HP Systems Insight Manager leverages a distributed architecture that can be broken into three types of systems:
The CMS and the managed systems together are called the HP Systems Insight Manager management domain.
Central Management Server (CMS)
Each management domain has a single CMS. The CMS is the system in the management domain that executes the HP Systems Insight Manager software and initiates all central operations within the domain. In addition to the HP Systems Insight Manager software, the CMS maintains a database for storage of persistent objects. If you are using a Windows CMS, this database can reside on a separate system. Typically, servers for the multiple-system aware applications also reside on the CMS. These applications are not required to reside on the CMS; they can reside anywhere on the network.
Because the CMS is a system within the management domain, it manages itself as part of the domain. You can add the CMS as a managed system within another management domain if you want to manage it using a separate CMS.
Systems that make up a management domain are called managed systems. A system can be any device on the network that can communicate with HP Systems Insight Manager, which includes servers, desktops, laptops, printers, workstations, hubs, and routers. In most cases, these devices have an IP address or IPX address associated with them. A managed system can be managed by more than one CMS if desired.
Each system must be running a management agent. Managed systems can have a variety of management agents installed. These agents perform tasks, monitor software, and monitor hardware on the managed systems.
System lists provide a way to search the HP Systems Insight Manager database for systems that share common attributes, such as operating system type or hardware type. System lists can also be an arbitrary collection of systems. Systems can belong to one or more system lists. Many standard system lists are provided, and users can create their own public and private lists. Working with system lists increases your efficiency because you can perform a task on each system in a system list with a single task.
System groups can be used to divide and organize your management domain into manageable units for authorizations. Working with system groups increases your efficiency because you can set authorizations for each system in a system group in a single step. Systems can belong to one or more system groups.
HP Systems Insight Manager can be accessed from any network client. The network client can be part of the management domain. The network clients must be running a compatible browser to access the graphical user interface (GUI) or a Secure Shell (SSH) client application to securely access the command line interface (CLI).